The Afghan Geodesy and Cartography Office (AGCO) is
responsible for topographic and cadastral surveying and
mapping of the country and was established in Kabul in
1958. It inherited inaccurate Survey of India quarter-inch
coverage of the country and initiated new mapping with
Russian and American aid. This resulted in a 1:250,000 scale
series covering the country in 92 sheets printed in five colors
and completed by 1970, as well as 1:100,000 scale mapping
in 440 sheets, and l:50,000 scale coverage in 1,650 sheets.
These maps are on the UTM projection, Hayford international
ellipsoid. Between 1976 and 1982 work was carried
out to compile a new 1:25,000 scale photogrammetric map of
parts of the country, with five, 10, or 20 m contours. Larger-scale mapping was also
carried out, with 1:10,000 mapping of development areas and
1:5,000 scale mapping of Kabul.
Soviet military topographic mapping of Afghanistan is available at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (7 sheets, complete coverage, published 1984-1990);
1:500,000 (20 sheets, complete coverage, published 1988-1990); 1:200,000 (127 sheets, complete coverage, published 1980-1992); 1:100,000 (446 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1961-1991); 1:50,000 (1,644 sheets, complete coverage, published 1983-1990) and city (1:10,000 to 1:25,000) topographic mapping of 7 major cities from Charikar to Termez,
published between 1984 and 1989. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
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