The Bundesamt fϋr Eich-und Vermessungswesen (BEV)
is the civilian national mapping agency in Austria. It was
established under that name in 1945, but Austria has a long
history of officially sponsored systematic surveys which can
be traced back to 1764 and the first Landesaufnahme.
Topographic mapping of the country is compiled at 1:50,000
scale, the mapping is based upon the Gauss-Krϋger projection,
and the series started in the 1920s. It is now derived
from photogrammetric survey, with relief shown with 20 m
contours and hill shading. Two hundred and thirteen sheets
are needed to provide complete coverage, the series is divided
on a graticular basis, each sheet covers 15' longitude by
15' latitude and is numbered sequentially. This system has
supplanted an experiment with grid-based Bundesmeldenetz
numbering in the early 1980s. Most sheets are available in
four different versions: a seven-color map without footpaths
or road fills; an edition with colored roads; a version with
marked footpaths shown in red and a three-color base map.
The revision program for this map generates new editions
on average every six to eight years. A 1:25,000 scale photographic
enlargement of the 1:50,000 map is also published
by BEV, as a double-sided map, in a walkers edition, or as
a three-color base map.
Data capture and release of vector data derived from the
ÖK50 series is progressing and an increasing number of
themes are becoming available as structured data: road and
railway information, boundaries, hydrology and the 120,000
geographical names were available by 1996. Data from the
1:50,000 scale map are also available in a number of different
color and black and white raster formats.
The whole country is also mapped at 1:5,000 and 1:10,000
scales. The Österreichische Luftbildkarte (ÖLK10) is a 1:10,000
scale orthophotomap fitted to the Gauss-Krϋger net. Sheets
cover 5 × 5 km and comprise black and white photomaps
derived from 1:30,000 scale aerial coverage, overprinted with
a 1 km grid, some names and limited cartographic enhancement.
The series comprises 3,630 sheets, and is based on aerial coverage flown since
1976. For some higher priority areas the 1:5,000 scale
Basiskarte (ÖBK5) has been published since 1983, but there
are no plans to offer a national coverage comparable to the
1:10,000 scale series. Like (ÖLK10) the Basiskarte is an
orthophotomap, however cadastral and contour data are also
available as transparent overlays with orthophoto coverage.
Orthophoto mapping has been produced using a digital flow-line
since 1993, and digital orthophoto data are gradually
becoming available in a variety of formats. A byproduct of the orthophoto mapping
was been the derivation of a digital terrain database,
completed between 1976 and 1988, and available at resolutions
of up to 50 m. From 1989 1:15.000 scale aerial
coverage has been used, and more accurate DTM data is
being collected, 40 percent national coverage having been reached by late in 1996.
The 23-sheet 1:200,000 scale Österreichische Karte was
completed in 1992 having replaced the earlier Generalkarte
von Mitteleuropa. It is compiled by generalization of 1:50,000
scale map data, uses a 100 meter contour interval and hill
shading, and is available with or without a colored road
fill, and as a four-color base map. Sheets cover degree quadrangles.
There is also a photographic enlargement of this
scale to 1:100,000, and a larger format sheet covering
Burgenland. Raster scanned data from the 1:200,000 scale
map are also available, with similar specifications to those
used for 1:50,000 scale information.
Other maps produced by BEV include the single sheet
1:500,000 scale Übersichtskarte von Österreich, on the Lambert
conformal conic projection. Three main printed versions of
this map are available, each in several different forms. The first is
published as a topographic edition, with or without an index
to place names and grid, as a two-color topographic base
with a red and yellow roads overprint. It is also available as
a political edition, without the roads, in four different
versions, and finally as a base map, with various overprints.
The Übersichtskarte von Österreich has been digitized and like
the 1:50,000 map is available in a variety of vector and raster
formats. BEV also publishes a number of regional maps of
The Austrian military mapping agency Institut fϋr
Militärische Geowesen (IMG) collaborates with BEV in the
production of military topographic mapping. Plans were
released in 1999 for the generation of new digital mapping,
conforming to NATO Joint Operation Graphic standards
and on the UTM projection, WGS 84 spheroid. This will
result in 191 1:50,000 scale map sheets produced using six-color
printing, with overlaps to adjacent sheets. A new
1:250,000 scale series is replacing military editions of the
Soviet mlitary topographic mapping of Austria is available at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (3 sheets, complete coverage, published 1981-1990);
1:500,000 (5 sheets, complete coverage, published 1979-1987); 1:200,000 (32 sheets, complete coverage, published 1972-1995); 1:100,000 (89 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1977-1991); 1:50,000 (297 sheets, complete coverage, published 1981-1991) and city (1:10,000) topographic mapping of 12 major cities from Baden to Vienna published between
1949 and 1981. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.