Eritrea gained independence in 1993 after 40 years of
increasingly bitter civil war with its neighbour Ethiopia and
it is still too early for any significant national mapping infrastructure
to have developed. The country has appeared on
maps published by Ethiopian agencies. Discussions
were taking place in 1995 to establish a new national datum,
geodetic control network and hydrographic service. A
leading influence on these talks was the commercial Marine
Engineering Management Offshore Navigation and
Surveys in Asmara.
Soviet military topographic mapping remains the best available topographic mapping of Eritrea.
It is exists at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (3 sheets, complete coverage, published 1981-1983);
1:500,000 (8 sheets, complete coverage, published 1980-1981); 1:200,000 (39 sheets, primarily complete coverage, published 1977-1979);
1:100,000 (110 sheets, complete coverage, published 1977-1986) and a city (1:10,000) topographic map of Asmara at published in 1978.
These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
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