Soviet mapping of Estonia included civilian 1:25 000,
1:50,000 and 1:200,000 scale coverage of the country with
Cyrillic place names and standard Russian specifications.
Military coverage was also compiled at 1:100,000, 1:500,000
and 1:1,000,000 scales.
Soviet military topographic mapping of Estonia exists at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (3 sheets, complete coverage, published 1987-1989);
1:500,000 (7 sheets, complete coverage, published 1986-1993); 1:200,000 (30 sheets, complete coverage, published 1975-1993); 1:100,000 (68 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1973-1992); 1:50,000 (147 sheets, primarily complete coverage, published 1972-1991) and city (1:10,000) topographic mapping of Parnu, Tallinn, Tapa and Tartu published
between 1975 and 1990. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
Following independence the Estonian National
Land Board (Riigi Maa-amet RMA) was established in the
Ministry of Agriculture, and operates as the national mapping
agency, with responsibility for geodetic, cadastral and cartographic
surveying and mapping. At first maps continued to use
Soviet map bases. 1:200,000 scale mapping in four sheets was
compiled in 1992 in association with Aerogeodezija in St.
Petersburg, with Estonian place names and index and 20 m
Two major initiatives have been started since independence.
New 1:10,000 scale coverage of the whole country has been
compiled. This orthophotomap is under constant revision.
It is used as the source for cadastral and thematic mapping
and to derive a full color topographic map which will be
completed in about 470 sheets. This 1:20,000 scale basic map
of the whole country is in progress, and uses a similar style
to Finnish mapping, with cultivated land shown in a light
brown and relief with 2.5 m contours. A second new project
has used Swedish aid for the production of the bilingual
Estonian and English Eesti baaskaart 1:50,000. This 112
sheet series is produced from a digital database derived from
SPOT satellite imagery and is on a Transverse Mercator
projection, International ellipsoid. The maps are plotted on
an image base, with color printed land cover overlay, 5 m
contour interval and the UTM grid, and are compiled in
conjunction with the Swedish and Mäteriet (LMV) and the
Swedish Space Corporation. The series was completed by
the end of 1996 and digital versions of the maps are also
available. Other official mapping includes a new administrative
map of Estonia at 1:400,000 scale.
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