The Survey of Israel (SI) is the official organization responsible
for geodesy, mapping and geographic information in
Israel. It carries out cadastral, topographic and engineering
surveys, and publishes topographic and thematic maps in
hard copy and digital form. These cover areas controlled by
Israel, including at present the West Bank and the Gaza
strip. Its history can be traced back to the establishment of
the Survey of Palestine in 1917, SI itself being formed in
Topographic maps published by SI used the Cassini-Soldner
transverse cylindrical projection, Clarke 1880 ellipsoid, but
following readjustment of the geodetic control network a
Transverse Mercator projection, GRS 1980 ellipsoid has been
introduced. Sheets are printed with the Israeli kilometric
grid, with an indication of the UTM grid at the margins.
The basic scale for all developed areas of the country is a
340-sheet 1:10,000 scale topo-cadastral map. This series was
started in the 1950s as a six-color map with 10 m contours,
a cadastral overprint, and Hebrew names. Coverage has
extended southwards and mapping is now available for
settled areas of Israel in a three-color line map. Sheets cover
5 km quadrangles.
The 88 sheet 1:50,000 scale map was started in 1958 as the
basic scale map for the country as a whole. It is photogrammetrically
derived and shows relief with 10 m contours, the
current specification uses four-color printing and includes
names in Hebrew. From this map is derived a tourist
edition compiled jointly with the Society for the
Promotion of Nature in Israel (SPNI), which uses a larger
sheet format and includes a footpath overprint. The first
sheet with new English place name orthography appeared
in 1995 and covers the Eilat area. Sheets include tourist and
walking information printed on the reverse.
Until recently a 1:100,000 scale map covering Israel in 22
sheets was the largest publicly available scale. Its area of coverage
includes the West Bank and its history can be traced
back to a 16-sheet Survey of Palestine map, republished in
1958 to give 26 sheet coverage of the country. Recast in the
1970s, the current specification shows relief with 25 m contours
and includes tourist information. This series is derived
from 1:50,000 scale mapping and is also available with a
partial overprint of names in Latin script. Sheets are revised
at intervals between two and five years, depending upon the
nature of the area and demand for the map.
Soviet military topographic mapping of Israel is available at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (2 sheets, complete coverage, published 1974-1990);
1:500,000 (3 sheets, complete coverage, published in 1987); 1:200,000 (12 sheets, complete coverage, published 1980-1986); 1:100,000 (30 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1983-1985); 1:50,000 (82 sheets, complete coverage, published 1983-1993) and city (1:10,000) topographic mapping of Beersheba (Be'er Sheva), Elat,
Haifa, Jerusalem, Natanya (Netanya) and Tel Aviv (Tel Aviv-Yafo) published between 1970 and 1985. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS
formats from East View Geospatial.
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