The Central Asian Republic of Kazakhstan is the largest
nation to break away from the former Soviet Union and has
been an independent state since 1991. Mapping still follows
patterns established in the Soviet era. Topographic series use
the 1942 specification with maps based on the Gauss conformal
transverse cylindrical projection, Krassovsky ellipsoid.
Soviet military topographic mapping of Kazakhstan is available at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (26 sheets, complete coverage, published 1965-1990);
1:500,000 (82 sheets, complete coverage, published 1965-1998); 1:200,000 (591 sheets, complete coverage, published 1960-1993); 1:100,000 (1,983 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1954-1992); 1:50,000 (7,474 sheets, primarily complete coverage, published 1961-1997) and city (1:10,000 to 1:25,000) topographic mapping of 41 major cities from
Aktyubinski to Zyryanovsk published between 1967 and 1991. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from
East View Geospatial.
Following independence a national mapping agency, the
Main Administration of Geodesy and
Cartography of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic
of Kazakhstan (Kazgeodezija) was
founded in Almaty. Following the pattern
of some other former Soviet republics, Kartografija was established in Almaty. Its
recent publications include single-sheet maps using a political
base, published with transliteration, as well as updated
versions of Soviet administrative series, issued as double-sided
1:200,000 scale maps for areas around the administrative
center of each region and with an environmental map
of the regional center on the reverse side. A Russian town
map of the capital was published in the 1980s by Glavnoe
Upravlenie Geodezii Kartografii (GUGK), now Federal'
naya Sluzhba Geodezii i Kartografii Rossii (Roskartografija)
and recently revised by Kazgeodezija. Other
recent initiatives include digital mapping in support of land
registration, carried out by the State Land Committee,
with funding from the World Bank, which started in 1997
with pilot projects in Almaty, Akmola and Almaty City.
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