The national mapping agency Foiben-Taosarintanin'i
Madagasikara (FTM) carries out topographic, geodetic and
photogrammetric surveying and produces topographic and
thematic mapping of Madagascar. Its history can be traced
back to the establishment of a survey office in 1896 and the
initiation of a survey for the production of 1:100,000 scale
mapping a decade later. The Institut Géographique
National (IGN), Paris, and its predecessors established
modern topographic mapping of the island with a major
program to map Madagascar according to Type 1926 specifications
after the end of World War II. After independence
from France FTM was founded under its current name in
1974 and has, where possible, developed the colonial
The 1:100,000 scale Sarintany topografika offers complete
coverage of the island in 452 sheets. This photogrammetric
map is on an oblique Mercator projection, International
ellipsoid and is published as a seven or eight-color map
with relief shown in 25 m or 50 m contours. Sheets are
designated by an alpha-numeric system. A 1:50,000 scale
map on the same projection and spheroid is much less
complete; fewer than 200 sheets are available from the 904
needed for complete coverage. These are published for the
more developed areas to the east of the island. Two versions
are issued, a seven-color édition définitive with 25 m
contours, and, for some areas, a simplified four-colour map.
Many sheets in both these series are very old, and only about
10 maps a year are being produced to full photogrammetric
Soviet military topographic of Madagascar exists at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (8 sheets, complete coverage, published 1991-1994);
1:500,000 (20 sheets, complete coverage, published 1987-1989); 1:200,000 (109 sheets, complete coverage, published in 1985),
and a city (1:10,000) topographic map of Antananarivo published in 1985.
These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
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