The national mapping agency of Myanmar (until 1989
Burma) is the Myanmar Survey Department (MSD) in
Yangon. Mapping systems were established by the Survey of
India between 1905 and 1944, with complete coverage at
1:126,720 and 1:253,440 scales, and one-inch coverage for 85 percent of Burma, excluding the mountainous north west
regions. Since 1959 the one-inch map has gradually been
converted into a 1:50,000 series, using the same Lambert
conical conformal projection, Everest ellipsoid, and quarter
degree sheet lines, but mapping progress has been at best
sporadic since the late 1950s. By 1996 this map had been
published for about 50 percent of the country: coverage is
best in the central regions between Yangon and Mandalay.
English place names have been converted into Myanmar
equivalents following United Nations Development
Program aid. Twenty-eight 1:250,000 scale maps were derived from
the completed metric mapping. A new 1:25,000 scale series was
completed for the Irrawaddy delta, and 1:5,000 and 1:10,000
scale maps of development areas have also been compiled,
including 1:10,000 scale coverage of Yangon in 12 sheets,
revised to 1995. Smaller scale series have also been compiled
and the Myanmar Survey Department is also responsible for
aeronautical charting of the country.
Soviet military topographic mapping of Myanmar (Burma) exists at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (10 sheets, complete coverage, published 1959-1973);
1:500,000 (28 sheets, complete coverage, published 1959-1987); 1:200,000 (136 sheets, complete coverage, published 1953-1987); 1:100,000 (331 sheets, eastern country
coverage, published 1954-1989) and city (1:10,000 to 1:25,000) topographic mapping of Mandalay, Moulmein (Mawlamyine) and Yangon (Rangoon) published between 1977 and 1980. These products
are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
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