Following the secession of several of the former Yugoslav
federal states, Yugoslavia was reconstituted in 1992 as a
federation of the two republics of Serbia and Montenegro.
The official topographic mapping agency remains the
Military Geographical Institute (Savezna Geodetska
Uprava - SGU), Belgrade, which was founded in 1944, but
whose origins go back to 1876, when a Geographical Section
was established within the Serbian Army. By the 1920s an
extensive program of triangulation and levelling was in
progress and topographic map series at scales of 1:50,000
and 1:100,000 were in production. This 'Parisian'
mapping (because it used the Paris meridian) remained of
service until well after World War II. However, soon after
the establishment of the new Institute in 1944, an entirely
new program of topographic mapping began, using
photogrammetric techniques and a new survey control
network. The basic scale mapping for the whole of postwar
Yugoslavia was 1:25,000, and the complete series of 3,029
sheets was issued between 1959 and 1968. There were subsequent
revisions. Derived series were published at scales of
1:50,000, 1:100,000 and 1:200,000. A 1:500,000 scale
series was linked to aeronautical charts and other thematic
mapping, and three 1:1,000,000 scale sheets were produced
in conformity with the International map of the World
The sheet lines of these series are graticule-based and refer
to the Greenwich Meridian. The maps are colored, and are
gridded, with contours (20 m intervals for the larger scales),
roads color classified and woodlands in green. The
1:500,000 series has hypsometric tints for relief.
A digital version of the 1:100,000 scale topographic map is
in preparation, and in 1996 work began on a national digital
base map at 1:5,000 scale. The work is being done by the
Institute of Geodesy, in the Civil Engineering Faculty of the
University of Belgrade. The military map series still form
the basis for topographic maps in several of the newly independent
Soviet military topographic mapping of Serbia exists at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (2 sheets, complete coverage, published 1981-1990);
1:500,000 (6 sheets, complete coverage, published 1978-1989); 1:200,000 (27 sheets, complete coverage, published 1976-1989); 1:100,000 (86 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1976-1986); 1:50,000 (285 sheets, complete coverage, published 1972-1986) and city (1:10,000) topographic maps of Belgrade, Nis and Novi Sad published between
1975 and 1988. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
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