In 1993, the former Republic of Czechoslovakia was divided
into two independent countries, the Czech Republic and the
Slovak Republic. Topographic mapping of Slovakia has been
undertaken both by the Military Topographic Service and
by the Authority of Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre of
the Slovak Republic (Úrad Geodézie, Kartografie a
Katastra Slovenskej Republiky (ÚGKKSR)), Bratislava.
The former publishes maps for military use which have been
based on the Soviet 1942 system. ÚGKKSR, however, is responsible for geodesy,
cartography and cadastral survey for civilian purposes. It also
controls the work of three regional cadastral offices and of
the Research Institute of Geodesy and Cartography in
Bratislava. It has published a range of topographic map series
whose specification differs from the Soviet model, and which
mainly use the so-called S-JTSK co-ordinate system.
The ÚGKKSR topographic series are all on a conformal conic
projection (Krovak projection), Bessel ellipsoid. The series are
in most respects similar to those described for the Czech
Republic. The most detailed is the 1:10,000 scale basic map
(Základná mapa - ZM10) which covers the country in 2,820
sheets, and is printed in five colors. This was completed in
1986 and a systematic revision program put in place in
1981, which by 1999 was 90 percent complete. The 1:25,000
scale series is in 475 sheets, of which about two-thirds have
so far been published. This is a five-color map with 5 m
contours. Publication began in 1973, but a new edition was
initiated in 1995. The 1:50,000 scale series is a six-color
map, complete in 137 sheets and kept under continuous revision.
Contours are at 10 m intervals. A new series of district
maps covering the Republic in 72 sheets at this scale has also
been started. This series lacks contours, but includes boundaries
of national parks and protected areas. The 1:100,000
scale series is produced by reduction from 1:50,000 with very
little generalization and is complete in 41 sheets printed in
eight colors. The 1:200,000 scale map covers the Republic
in 13 sheets, and is in six colors with 50 m contours. A
special 1:10,000 scale city map series (MM10) was started in
1983, based on the topographic series. Thirty-four towns and
cities have been mapped and are available in a full seven-color
version and a simpler four-color variant intended for
the addition of thematic data.
Soviet military topographic mapping of Slovakia is available at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (4 sheets, complete coverage, published 1979-1990);
1:500,000 (5 sheets, complete coverage, published 1978-1989); 1:200,000 (20 sheets, complete coverage, published 1972-1986); 1:100,000 (56 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1976-1991); 1:50,000 (185 sheets, complete coverage, published 1975-1995) and city (1:10,000) topographic mapping of 11 major cities from Banska Bystrica to Zilina published
between 1970 and 1987. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
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