Somalia comprises the former territories of Italian and
British Somaliland which merged to form the Somali
Republic in 1960. Prior to independence British and Italian
authorities compiled topographic and geological mapping of
their colonies. A 1:125,000 scale uncontoured and single
color series prepared by the British Directorate of Overseas
Surveys (DOS) (now Ordnance Survey International
(OSI)) covered the whole of British Somaliland in 68 sheets.
This series was on the Transverse Mercator projection, and
UTM grid, Clarke 1880 ellipsoid, and was also used as a
base for a full color geological map compiled in the early
1970s and covering coastal areas of the territory. Italian
series included 1:200,000 scale coverage and 1:50,000 scale
mapping of settled areas.
After independence the National Cartographic Directorate
(Hoggaanka Kartografiyada Wasaaradda Gaashaand-higga)
was established and using Russian aid produced new
mapping of the country. 1:50,000; 1:100,000 and 1:200,000
scales were set up. The 1:200,000 scale maps were completed
for the whole country, and following Soviet practice are on
the Gauss-Krϋger projection, Krassovsky ellipsoid, but with
Soviet military topographic mapping of Somalia is available at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (10 sheets, complete coverage, published 1958-1983);
1:500,000 (23 sheets, complete coverage, published 1963-1980); 1:200,000 (111 sheets, complete coverage, published 1978-1983);
1:100,000 (383 sheets, complete coverage, published 1978-1982) and a city (1:10,000) topographic map of Berbera published in 1978.
These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
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