The mapping of Ukraine still follows patterns established
when the country was one of the Republics of the Soviet
Union, but as the second most powerful nation to emerge from
the former USSR, Ukraine has continued to invest in mapping
after the break-up of the Soviet Union, and some new products
have been developed since independence in 1991 despite the
economic crisis which continues to grip the privatizing
Ukrainian economy. Topographic mapping follows the Soviet
pattern with series conforming to the 1942 system, published
on the Gauss conformal transverse cylindrical projection,
Soviet military topographic mapping of Ukraine exists at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (9 sheets, complete coverage, published 1969-1988);
1:500,000 (26 sheets, complete coverage, published 1977-1994); 1:200,000 (158 sheets, complete coverage, published 1971-1992); 1:100,000 (486 sheets, complete coverage,
published 1953-1991); 1:50,000 (1,856 sheets, complete coverage, published 1969-1991) and city (1:10,000 to 1:25,000) topographic mapping of 11 major cities from Dnepropetrovsk to
Zaporozhye (Zaporizhia) published between 1972 and 1991. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
The Ukrainian national mapping
agency is The National Committee for Geodesy Mapping and
Cadastre (Holovne Upravlinnja Heodezii Kartografii ta
Kadastruv (HUHKK), which is responsible for all official
topographic and cadastral mapping in the country and organizes
surveying for the publication of official map series.
Divisions of HUHKK are responsible for different aspects
of the official mapping enterprise. Most production is still
based on 'map factories' established in the Soviet system,
the most important of which is the Ukraïnkogo Aerogodezichnogo
Pidpriemstvo (UkrAGP), in Kiev, first
established in 1924. UkrAGP has captured 1:200,000 and
1:500,000 scale topographic coverage which is available as
raster or vector data. New Ukrainian editions of 1:200,000
scale coverage have been compiled. Other local production
also continues in the State Cartographic Factory (Derzhavna
Kartografichna Fabrika) in Vinitsia.
Other map production plants active in the past which may
still be of local significance include Ukrgeoinform in
Kharkhov, and ZOREPAD in Lviv.
Following independence most mapping effort has been
devoted to land reform. In 1996 the Science and Research
Centre State Land Cadastre was established as a new
agency responsible to HUHKK, and funded through the EU
TACIS programme to set-up an ARC/INFO-based land
registration system using 1:200,000 scale digital data.
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