The Republic of Haiti occupies the western third of the mountainous island of Hispaniola, and has been independent since 1804. Topographic mapping is the responsibility of the Service de Géodésie et de Cartographie (SGC), Port-au-Prince.
With Inter-American Geodetic Survey cooperation, a triangulation network was implemented in 1946 and tied in to the neighbouring Dominican Republic, Cuba and Jamaica. Topographic map series at scales of 1:50,000 (Series E732) and 1:100,000 (Series E632) were completed for the whole country by the American Army Map Service (AMS) (later Defense Mapping Agency (DMA) and now National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA)) during the period 1960 to 1965 using 1956 air photography. The eastern part of the country was also covered at 1:25,000 scale (Series E832). The projection is Transverse Mercator, Clarke 1866 ellipsoid, with UTM grid. Contours are at 20 m intervals. Four-color maps of Port-au-Prince and several other provincial towns at 1:12,500 scale were also published in the early 1970s. In 1983, three 1:250,000 scale sheets were printed as part of the PAIGH Hemispheric Mapping Program (described in the introduction to Central America). These maps, on UTM projection with 100 m contours and cover the whole country except the area adjacent to the border of the Dominican Republic.
Soviet military topopgraphic mapping of Haiti exists at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (3 sheets, complete coverage, published in 1963); 1:500,000 (5 sheets, complete coverage, published 1983-1984); 1:200,000 (14 sheets, complete coverage, published 1980-1983) and a city (1:10,000) topographic map of Port-au-Prince published in 1983. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital raster GIS formats from East View Geospatial.
Geological mapping has been carried out in the past by the Ministère des Mines, Port-au-Prince. A number of resource surveys were also undertaken under the auspices of international or foreign agencies, including the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (1969), the Organization of American States (1972) and the United Nations Development Program (1980), which all included the production of various ecological, hydrological, soil and geological maps. A hydrogeological map was published in 1990 by the Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Ressources Naturelles et du Développement Rural with United Nations support.
In 1981-82, an environmental mapping project was undertaken for the Direction de l’Amenagement du Territoire et de la Protection de la Environnement (DATPE), Port-au-Prince by the Bureau pour le Développement de la Production Agricole, Paris through an external aid program. Numerous resource and infrastructural maps were produced as stable-base transparencies for diazo reproduction, and a few 1:250,000 scale maps were issued in small print runs as color editions.
A national Atlas d’Haïti was prepared by the Centre d’Études de Géographie Tropicale (CEGET) at the University of Bordeaux, Talence. It includes 32 color map plates with maps mostly at 1:1,000,000 scale, each with an accompanying text. These cover a range of historical, physical, biogeographical, demographic, economic, administrative and cultural themes. There is also a false-color satellite mosaic of the country, and a short index of toponyms referenced to a relief map.
Among the best general maps of the country are the Hildebrand map of Hispaniola published by Karto+Grafik, and a Travel reference map from International Travel Maps (ITM).
Base maps for population censuses have been prepared in the past by the Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d’Informatique (IHSI), including 1:2,000 scale maps of the smaller settlements and 1:4,000 for the larger. Port-au-Prince has been mapped in a series of 51 sheets at 1:5,000 scale, based on 1980 air photography, by the Bureau Cadastral de Port-au-Prince. Projection is UTM, Clarke 1866 ellipsoid.