The modern map base of Moldova was established during the years when the country formed part of the Soviet Union. Topographic series conformed to the Russian 1942 standard, and were published on the Gauss conformal transverse cylindrical projection, Krassovsky ellipsoid.

Soviet military topographic mapping of Moldova is available at the following scales: 1:1,000,000 (3 sheets, complete coverage, published 1981-1986); 1:500,000 (5 sheets, complete coverage, published 1978-1989); 1:200,000 (13 sheets, complete coverage, published 1977-1990); 1:100,000 (40 sheets, primarily complete coverage, published 1952-1989); 1:50,000 (136 sheets, complete coverage, published 1976-1989) and city (1:10,000) topographic mapping of Beltsi, Bendery, Kishinev (Chisinau) and Tiraspol published between 1974 and 1987. These products are available in print, digital raster and digital vector GIS formats from East View Geospatial.

There is very little information about mapping activity in the country since the break-up of the Soviet Union, and as one of the poorest states in eastern Europe little recent mapping progress has been made. It is suggested that official responsibility for mapping now lies with the Department for Architecture, Urbanization and Control of Construction, Chisinau.

Soviet geological and tectonic mapping of the Republic was compiled at 1:500,000 scale. A 1:1,000,000 scale geological map of Ukraine and Moldova was also produced.

Small scale general coverage of Moldova has been published by Edicions IMCO, Chisinau and the country also appears on a number of maps covering Ukraine. These include a tourist map from Gizimap, Budapest, and the Quail railway atlas.

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